India imported nearly 20 percent more thermal coal in FY23 y-o-y: Official data

Reflecting a rise in the consumption of thermal or non-coking coal, India imported 181.615 MT of the fuel which fires power plants in FY2022-23, shows government data
India imported nearly 20 percent more thermal coal in FY23 y-o-y: Official data
India imported nearly 20 percent more thermal coal in FY23 y-o-y: Official dataEnergy Watch

New Delhi: Reflecting a rise in the consumption of thermal or non-coking coal, India imported 181.615 Million Tonnes (MT) of the fuel which fires power plants in FY2022-23, which was 19.87 percent higher than the coal import registered in FY2021-22, data released by the Ministry of Coal on Tuesday showed. This was despite the fact that India produced 14.58 percent more non-coking coal in FY2022-23 (832.430 MT). The increase in the consumption of non-coking coal can primarily be attributed to the rapid rise in power demand within the country. India imported 151.504 MT non-coking coal in FY2021-22.

In the year 2022-23, the total import of coal was 237.668 MT compared to 208.627 MT in 2021-22, thus showcasing an increase of 13.92 percent over 2021-22. In 2022-23, import of coking coal was 56.053 MT whereas it was 57.123 MT in 2021-22, depicting a decline of 1.87 percent.

Coal imports: India got coal from Australia, Russia, South Africa, Singapore, Mozambique

In the year 2022-23, coal was mainly imported from Indonesia (109.828 MT), Australia (47.498 MT), Russia (21.342 MT), South Africa (17.445 MT), USA (13.692 MT), Singapore (10.074 MT) and Mozambique (9.174 MT). As far as port-wise import of coal is concerned, coal was majorly imported from Paradip Sea (19.893 MT), Dhamra (197.233 MT), Krishnapatnam (18.618 MT), Gangavaram (18.017 MT), Visakhapatnam Sea (17.748 MT), Kolkata Sea (16.174 MT), Kandla Sea (14.514 MT), among others, in the year 2022-23.

In the year 2022-23, export of coal was 1.163 MT compared to 1.316 MT in 2021-22. Coal was mainly exported to Nepal (0.833 MT) and Bangladesh (0.245 MT). Major quantity of coal was exported through Raxaul Land (0.382 MT) and Nautanwa (0.185 MT) ports.

Coal production grew 14.77 percent in FY2022-23

In the year 2022-23, the total production of raw coal in India was 893.190 MT whereas it was 778.210 MT in 2021-22, showing a growth of 14.77 percent over the previous year. In the year 2022-23, production of lignite was 44.990 MT against 47.492 MT in 2021-22, showing a negative growth of 5.27 percent over the year 2021-22.

In the year 2022-23, production of coking coal was 60.760 MT whereas it was 51.702 MT in 2021-22, showing an increase of 17.52 percent compared to the previous year. In 2022-23, production of non-coking coal was 832.430 MT against 726.508 MT in 2021-22, showing a growth of 14.58 percent over the previous year 2021-22.

In the year 2022-23, production of washed coal (coking) was 5.313 MT against 4.700 MT in 2021-22, thus showcasing an increase of 13.04 percent over 2021-22. The total production of raw coal from captive coal blocks (includes power and non-regulated sectors as end users) was 109.561 MT, the commercial coal blocks had contributed 9.169 MT in raw coal production, whereas the other coal blocks in India had produced 6.170 MT.

Odisha registered highest coal production

In the year 2022-23, Odisha registered the highest coal production of 218.981 MT (24.52 percent), followed by Chhattisgarh 184.895 MT (20.70 percent), Jharkhand 156.445 MT (17.52 percent) and Madhya Pradesh 146.028 MT (16.35 percent). In 2022-23, Tamil Nadu was the largest producer of lignite and produced 22.480 MT (49.97 percent), followed by Gujarat 12.313 MT (27.37 percent) and Rajasthan 10.197 MT (22.67 percent).

Public sector contributed 95.6 percent of India’s total coal production

The public sector accounted for 95.6 percent of India’s total coal production, while the private sector accounted for 4.4 percent in FY2022-23. In non-coking coal production, the public sector contributed the lion’s share with 96 percent, while the rest came from the private sector. As far as coking coal is concerned, 90.51 percent of the total figure came from the public sector.

In the year 2022-23, Coal India Limited (CIL) produced 703.204 MT (78.73 percent) and SCCL produced 67.137 MT (7.52 percent) of coal. During this year, the main producer of lignite was Neyveli Lignite Corporation that produced 24.491 MT (54.44 percent).

India imported nearly 20 percent more thermal coal in FY23 y-o-y: Official data
As power demand rises, Coal India ups coal supply to thermal power plants by 6 percent

Pit-head closing stock of raw coal at the end of 2022-23 was 84.474 MT against 68.901 MT at the end of 2021-22. Closing Stock of lignite at the end of 2022-23 was 1.556 MT, where as it was 3.389 MT at the end of 2021-22. Out of total closing stock at the end of 2022-23, share of public sector was 97.10 percent.

Related Stories

No stories found.
logo
Energy Watch
www.energywatch.in